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Coastal Area, Waters and Zone
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ihbpah
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 Posted: Tue Oct 25th, 2011 11:12 am

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The Greek Hydrographic Office has proposed the inclusion of 3 new terms in S-32 for "Coastal Area"; "Coastal Waters"; and Coastal Zone". Their proposals are in the attached file.

Attachment: Coastal.zip (Downloaded 9 times)

Last edited on Tue Oct 25th, 2011 11:13 am by ihbpah

JerryMills
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 Posted: Wed Jan 11th, 2012 09:55 pm

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I'm not prepared to reply at this time as these terms may have some legal implications.  I will respond following consultation with subject matter experts.

JerryMills
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 Posted: Thu Feb 2nd, 2012 09:33 pm

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Sorry for the delay in responding.  I consulted with our Chief Geographer and conducted a few internet searches.  As previouisly indicated, there seems to be some legal implications of the terms, particularly coastal zone.  An Ad Hoc Legal and Technical Working Group Meeting on the ICZM (International Coastal Zone Management) Protocol was held in Mombasa, Kenya in December 2010.  The following website includes a presentation on an attempt to define the "Coastal Zone": http://www.unep.org/NairobiConvention/docs/Coastal_zone_definition_and_geographic_coverage_of_the_ICZM_Protocol-Julien_Rochette.pdf.  It includes the US Coastal Zone Management Act, 1972 defintion along with those from South Africa, the World Bank and the Mediterranean ICZM Protocol.  It appears that no internationally accepted definition has been derived.

While "coastal waters" is defined in U.S. Code Title 16, Chapter 33, section 1453, it doesn't seem reasonable to attempt to make it an internationally accepted definition - http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/usc_sec_16_00001453----000-.html

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations does define "coastal areas" - http://www.fao.org/forestry/icam/4302/en/ as the following:

"Coastal areas are commonly defined as the interface or transition areas between land and sea, including large inland lakes. Coastal areas are diverse in function and form, dynamic and do not lend themselves well to definition by strict spatial boundaries. Unlike watersheds, there are no exact natural boundaries that unambiguously delineate coastal areas."

It seems to me that it would be problematic if the HDWG were to attempt to develop definitions of these terms that would be acceptable to all Member States, especially since these terms themselves are mainly applicable to another area of expertise - coastal zone management.  Therefore, I recommend the HDWG not include these terms in the Hydrographic Dictionary. 

ihbpah
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 Posted: Fri Feb 17th, 2012 05:48 am

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Jerry, Many thanks for your detailed consideration of this matter. I tend to agree with your conclusion.

Jean Laporte
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 Posted: Tue Aug 13th, 2013 08:42 pm

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Considering Jerry Mills' unquestionable objections, supported  by the HDWG secretary, I am of the opinion that the HD should not touch these three terms which clearly belong to another area of expertise.

The HDWG report to HSSC5 could be drafted as follows:
 

 HDWG comment:

Although very important to Hydrographers and Cartographers, the terms proposed by Greece ("Coastal Area", "Coastal Waters" and "Coastal Zone") are applicable to the ICZM area of expertise and can only be defined by the relevant bodies (ICZM Protocols, FAO, etc.).

This comment is further in agreement with the Business Rules for S-32, which insists on the fact that: "possible duplication should be avoided and reference made to the relevant responsible organisation."

HDWG decision:


It is decided not to include the terms Coastal Area, Coastal Waters and Coastal Zone in the HD for the time being, but keep an eye to any standardised definition that might be issued by the relevant organisations.

Subject close

ihbpah
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 Posted: Tue Aug 20th, 2013 08:36 am

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I concur with this approach; it is possible these terms could be described in C-51, the TALOS Manual, although this would still not be a definition with any legal basis.  Something for the ABLOS BM 20 in Muscat in October.

jwootton
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 Posted: Tue Sep 3rd, 2013 06:12 am

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I concur with the views of the Chair and Secretary.


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